Range Hood Buying Guide
Let's say you're in the market for a new range hood, but you don't know where to start. You have no clue how to choose a range hood. You've read a couple of other websites in search of a proper guide to buying a range hood, but they're either too technical or don't go into detail enough. You might even have thought about hiring someone else to take care of it, but you know it's going put a big dent in your budget. Well, you've come to the right place. This range hood buying guide will tell you everything you need to know about how to choose a range hood. No longer will choosing a range hood be a daunting task. All you will need is a tape measure, a piece of string, and pen & paper.
FREE accompanying Buying Guide PDF
Are you bad at math or don't feel like putting in the effort? Good news everyone: to make your life easier, we have created a FREE PDF to accompany this range hood buying guide. Don't worry, you won't even have to print it out. Just type your answers in the PDF's required fields on your computer and it will automatically do all the hard work for you! It doesn't get any easier than that, as it will let you skip all the math in this guide. When you're finished, it will become a handy overview of all the essential information required when deciding which range hood to buy. Click the button below and receive the free PDF by email.
Range Hood Buying Guide - PDF
When you come across this green box during this guide, it means that you should refer to the PDF and answer a specific question through placing a check mark or type an answer.
Range hood Buying Guide - Step 1. Ducted vs Ductless range hoods
The first step in this range hood buying guide will be about making a very important decision: you're going to choose between a ducted or a ductless range hood. Below you will find short descriptions on both, as well as their pros and cons.
Ducted Range Hoods
Ducted range hoods, also known as vented range hoods, are range hoods which are connected to a duct. A duct is basically a tube or a pipe, which (in this context) will start in your kitchen and end somewhere outside of your house. So, when your range hood captures the all of the cooking smells, oils and fumes, they'll get passed through a filter (to capture most of the airborne oil) and
get transported through this duct and out of your home through either your roof or a side wall. Performance wise, ducted range hoods are far superior to ductless range hood, simply because they're able to take all of the smoke, oil and smells, and transfer them out of your house. Aside from not cooking at all, ducted range hoods are by far the best way to make sure you are left with a pollution free kitchen.
Q. If ducted range hoods are better, why are there ductless ones?
Not every home will be able to or even allowed to use a ducted range hood. The most obvious reason will be the lack of a duct in your kitchen. Don't buy a ducted hood if there's no duct or vent present in your kitchen to connect the range hood to. Another common reason preventing people from using a ducted range hood is that the law will prohibit them from having a duct in their home which exits outside of their home. Although some people might have the urge to install a new duct in their kitchen so as to avoid having to sit in smell of food, be sure you're allowed to do so. Certain apartments or condos are prohibited to have anything penetrate their outside walls. For example, if the exterior of the building is mostly made out of glass, it's probably not a great idea to drill a hole in it for your duct.
Range Hood Buying Guide - Note
Do not let your duct end in an enclosed space like your attic. Also, do not hook up your range hood to either your Heat Recovery Ventilation (HRV) or Energy Recovery Ventilator (ERV), as there will be a grease build-up inside.
Ductless range hoods
Ductless range hoods are also known as non-vented range hoods, non-ducted range hoods, duct free range hoods, and recirculating range hoods. As the term gives away, ductless range hoods aren't connected to a duct. Like their ducted brothers, ductless hoods will capture odors, oils and fumes, and pass them through a filter.
Where they differ from ducted range hoods is what they do with these pollutants after capturing them and pass them through a filter. Since ductless range hoods aren't connected to a duct, they cannot transport them out of your kitchen. Instead, they will recirculate the cleaned air back into your kitchen. Since ductless range hoods generally get outperformed by their ducted counterparts, and usually aren't able to capture all of the smoke, oil and smells resulting from the preparation of your home cooked meals, they've gotten kind of a bad reputation. This has resulted in some people not choosing a range hood at all. We'll discuss whether that's a wise choice below.
Q. If I can’t have a ducted range hood, should I not get one at all?
If you have a choice between buying either a ductless range hood or none at all, we strongly recommend the former. Yes, we know we said that ducted range hoods are far superior to ductless range hoods, BUT it’s still much better to have a ductless range hood than none at all. Why? Chances are you are going to pan fry or sauté something in your kitchen. While doing so, part of the cooking oil will go airborne. Without any range hood installed, these fine, aerosolized oil particles will have free rein to spread and stick to everything in the near vicinity. This will leave you with sticky, unhygienic, and smelly cabinets and surfaces. They are these hard-to-clean yellow stains. Ductless range hoods will capture and pass these oil particles through a charcoal filter and/or an aluminum mesh filter which will prevent your cabinets from being covered in this mess. Depending on the used filter, duct-free range hoods might even capture some of the cooking smells. So, if you plan to cook more than mac ‘n cheese, do your future self a favor and get a range hood, even if that means you need to buy a ductless one.
See how happy this fake couple is with their new range hood? This could be you! Please take the sticker off though.
Range Hood Buying Guide - PDF
Question 1: Open your PDF and navigate to the first question. There you will have to choose between a ducted and a ductless range hood by putting a check mark next to your choice.
What kind of filter?
When choosing a range hood, it's important to keep in mind the type of filter you'd like to have in your range hood. All range hoods will include a filter of some sort to capture grease and other air pollutants. There are multiple types of filters on the market today, but the three most common ones are:
- activated charcoal filters
- aluminum mesh filters
- stainless steel/aluminum baffle filters
If you're planning on buying a ducted range hood, you will generally have a choice between either an aluminum mesh filter or a baffle filter. There aren't a lot of ducted range hood which come with an activated charcoal filter, which is meant to filter out the odors. Since ducted range hoods will transport them out of your house, there's really no good reason for ducted range hoods to incorporate a charcoal filter. However, if you're opting for a ductless range hood, you will have the option for an activated charcoal filter.
Activated charcoal (or synthetic fiber) filters
If you're planning on buying a ductless range hood, we at Rangehoodguide.com strongly recommend getting one with a charcoal filter. The activated charcoal in these filters are used to trap the cooking smells, as impurities are attracted to the carbon-based compound. A lot of these filters will also include a layer of felt. This felt helps in capturing the smoke resulting from (pan) frying and cooking. Aside from the charcoal filter, certain range hoods might include an additional filter mesh or baffle filter to capture the grease.
Mesh filters are basically layers of connected strands of aluminum stacked on top of each other. When oily fumes rise from your pans and move up through the mesh filter, the oil will get stuck to the aluminum mesh, while the air will be able to pass through it. If you choose a range hood connected to a duct, removing only the oil particles will suffice (to prevent grease buildup in your duct). However, if you're buying a ductless range hood,
the sucked up air will be recirculated back into your kitchen. As aluminum mesh filters cannot filter out smells and smoke, they will also be recirculated back into your kitchen. Not pleasant to say the least. Among all three types of filters, aluminum mesh filters are generally the filters which need to be cleaned the most.
Baffle filters (stainless steel / aluminum)
Similar to the aluminum mesh filters, baffle filters won't filter out smoke or cooking smells. Baffle filters will only filter out oil particles. When these go airborne and enter the baffle filter, the curved design of the filter will force the fumes to quickly and repeatedly switch direction.
Since the oil can't really change direction as quickly as air can, it will get stuck to the blades of the filter and will ultimately get deposited into an oil tray. Also similar to the aluminum mesh filters, baffle filters need to be cleaned regularly.
Which filter do we choose?
If you're going to buy a ducted range hood, you will have to make a choice between getting one with either a mesh filter or a baffle filter. If we would have to choose between a mesh filter and a baffle filter, we would opt for the baffle filter. The baffle filter will require less cleaning (around once every 1-2 months) compared to the mesh filter (with heavy daily use, almost every week).
If you're going to buy a ductless range hood, you will have to make a choice between buying one with either a charcoal filter, mesh filter, or baffle filter. Our choice would be as follows:
- 1. Activated charcoal filter
- 2. Baffle filter
- 3. Mesh filter
For ductless range hoods, the activated charcoal filter is definitely our number one pick. Charcoal filters perform much better compared to the mesh and baffle filters when it comes to filtering out odors, oils and fumes from the air. The trade-off is that you will have to regularly buy replacement filters, because they charcoal filters will have to be replaced after a certain amount of cooking hours (usually every 3-4 months). The mesh filter and the baffle filters, however, are both cleanable.
So, which one to choose? Take a look at your current cooking habits, as well as the contents of your wallet. Will you be cooking and frying a lot at a high temperatures while using a cooking oil? If so, then go for a range hood with activated charcoal filters. If you mostly use your kitchen for boiling, poaching, baking or low-heat cooking, you might get away with having a baffle filter in your range hood. If it’s a money issue and you’re looking for a cheap solution, go for the aluminum mesh filter, as they're generally less expensive compared to baffle filters and won't have to be replaced like charcoal filters.
This Range Hood Buying Guide will be continued on the next page (click the big green button below).
Range Hood Buying Guide - PDF
Question 2: Choose a filter and put a check mark next to your preferred filter on the PDF.
(This Range Hood Buying Guide will be continued on the next page.)
Next page: What type of range hood?
The next page of this Range Hood Buying Guide will cover the different types of range hoods. Since there are so many, it's easy to get lost in a sea of options. Let's take a look at the most common ones and pick one which is right for your and your situation.